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Cowesett Animal Hospital
50 Calhoun Avenue
Warwick, RI 02886
401-732-4050 Fax:401-732-4093

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Hours

Mon, Thurs, Fri  8:00a-5:00p 

Tues 8:00a-6:00p  

Wed 8:00a-7:00p  

Sat 8:00a-12:00p

Holidays: We will be closed on New Year's Day, Memorial Day, July 4th, Labor Day, Thanksgiving and Christmas Day.

We will close early on New Year's eve, Thanksgiving eve, and Christmas eve.

Emergency Care
After hours, we recommend
Ocean State
Veterinary Specialists

401-886-6787
Open 24 hours
 

Periodontal Disease

Dental health is important to your pet’s overall health. Periodontal disease progresses in stages.

Stage I Gingivitis

Plaque is present on the teeth and starts to irritate the gum line causing inflammation which is called Gingivitis. Gingivitis is reversible with treatment. Home treatment is highly recommended.

Stage II Early Periodontitis

The gum that is attached to the tooth becomes inflamed and swollen; tartar and plaque invade under the swollen gum. Bacteria begin to impact other body organs. A dental prophy (cleaning and polishing teeth above and below the gum line under anesthesia) can help reverse the process and save the affected teeth.  Afterwards home care is recommended to treat the remaining gingivitis.

Stage III Moderate Periodontitis

Brick red gums with bleeding, gum recession, painful mouth, bad odor to breath is present; periodontal disease starts to occur and may be irreversible. Dental cleaning is needed to remove calculus above and below the gum line, radiographs of teeth are taken, and extractions are likely. Home care is recommended after dental cleaning.

Stage IV Severe Periodontitis

Bone loss occurs due to bacterial destruction of supporting tooth structures; the mouth is extremely painful; chronic bacterial infection starts to affect the heart, lungs, and kidneys.  Dental cleaning is needed with radiographs to evaluate the bone and roots; all affected teeth need to be extracted.

Feline Periodontal disease progresses the same as in canines but they also develop a condition called a Resporptive lesion. Other names include caries, neck lesion, or FORL’s.

Resorptive Lesions

A resorptive lesion is a cavity-like lesion that destroys the tooth enamel or root. This weakens the tooth, causes marked pain, and ultimaltely results in crown fractures and tooth loss. These are most often seen in cats and 20% of cats will be affected in their lifetime. The cause is not known, and the treatment consists of removal of the affected tooth.